.

This blog posts a random and evolving set of study guides , plot outlines, discussion questions and critical bibliographies related to the Works of Virginia Woolf.

Friday, September 16, 2016

Social/ Cultural Timeline for Woolf/ Modernism


YEAR
Woolf’s Life
Social/Political/Military
Women
Arts/Literatrue
1870


Girton founded at Cambridge
1875: Newnham Hall, Cambridge
1979: Lady Margaret Hall and Somerville, Oxford

1880



Death of Flaubert, George Eliot
Pirates of Penzance
Dostoyevsky, Brothers Karamazov
1881



Death of Carlyle
Birth of Picasso
James, Portrait of a Lady
1882
V, Stephens b. Jan 25 at 22 Hyde Park Gate, London


Brits pass Married Women's Property Act
Death of Darwin, Emerson, D.G. Rossestti
Birth of James Joyce, Stravinsky
1887

Q. Victoria Golden Jubilee


1890



Death of Van Gogh
Wm. Morris, News from Nowhere
1895
May 5: Julia Stephen dies
VS first breakdown
Lease of Talland House, Cornwall, sold


Trial and conviction of Oscar Wilde

1897
Begins first diary
Q. Victoria Diamond Jubilee


1898
Attends classes at King’s College in Latin and Greek (-1900)



1900



Freud, Interpretation of Dreams.
Death of Nietzsche, Wilde, Ruskin
1901
Reading Sophocles
Death of Queen Victoria
Edward VII to throne


1902
Private lessons in Greek wi Janet Case
TLS founded

Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness
1903
Studying Aeschylus

Emmeline Pankhurst founds Women’s Social and Political Union


1904

Feb. Leslie S dies
May: Breakdown
Oct: move to Bloomsbury
Leonard Woolf goes to Ceylon


,
VS publishes 2nd essay, “Haworth, November 1904”
1905
VS begins teaching classes at Morley College for Women
Thursday Evenings begin
Einstein, Special Theory of Relativity
1st motor buses in London

Fauvism
1907
Feb: Vanessa Marries CB
March: VS moves to Fitzroy Sq.


VS begins work on Melymbrosia
First Cubist Exhibition, Paris
1908



Stein, Three Lives 
Forster, Room wi a View
1910
Jan: work for suffrage
Feb: Dreadnought Hoax

Edward VII dies; George V succeeds

Opening of first Post-
Impressionism exhibit, London
Forster, Howard’s End
TS Eliot, “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”
1912
Jan:  LW proposes
May: agrees marry LW
Aug: marries LW
Death of Scott in Antarctic
Titanic

VO finished
2nd Post-Impressionist Exhibit
1913
breakdown & suicide attempt

Height of Suffragette demonstrations in London
Emily Wilding Davison throws herself in front of King’s horse at Ascot.
DH Lawrence, Sons and Lovers
Proust, A la Rescherche…
Stravinsky, Rite of Spring
1914

WW I  begins

 LW, Education and the co-operative Mvmt.
1915
1915: Jan: Take Hogarth House & buy printing press
Mar: nursing home

Zepplin attacks on London
Einstein, General Theory of Relativity

Virginia Woolf, The Voyage Out
1916

First Battle of Somme
Easter Rising, Dublin
Gallipoli

Joyce, Portrait of the Artist
LW, International Gvmt
1917
1917: begin printing at Hogarth House, Two Stories

Bolshevik Revolution in Russia

1917: "The Mark on the Wall”
“Kew Gardens" wr.
1918

Nov. 11: Armistice
Influenza pandemic
Brit pass Women's Suffrage (propertied women over 30)
Ulysses begins to be pub in The Little Review.
Lytton Strachey, Eminent Victorians
1919
 July: purchase Monk's House in Sussex
Treaty of Versailles
J.M. Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace
Sex Disqualification Act allows women to become lawyers, vets, engineers and civil servants
 First female MP, Nancy Astor
V Woolf, Night and Day
TSE "Tradition and the Individual Talent"
1920

Founding of the League of Nations
American women achieve the vote
Women awarded degrees at Oxford, but in Cambridge the women were denied again in 1921, having to settle for titles of degrees only (called, inevitably, the ‘BA tit’).
VW: An Unwritten Novel”
“A Society”
Eliot, Sacred Wood
Mansfield, Bliss

LW, Empire and Commerce in Africa
1921




VW, Monday or Tuesday
1922

Fascists rise to power in Italy

T. S. Eliot, The Waste Land
Joyce, Ulysses
Mansfield Garden Party
Virginia Woolf, Jacob’s Room
1924
Move back to London,
Tavistock Sq,


Forster, Passage to India
1925

Hitler publishes Mein Kampf

Virginia Woolf, Mrs Dalloway
The Common Reader
LW, Fear and Politics
1926

General Strike throughout Britain, May 3-12

Fritz Lang’s film Metropolis

1927

Lindberg flies Atlantic

Virginia Woolf, To the Lighthouse
First “talkies”
1928


Brit: Women’s suffrage: all women over 21.
Virginia Woolf, Orlando
Hall, Well of Loneliness
Lawrence, Lady Chatterley’s L
1929

New York stock market collapses
Ramsey MacDonald forms Labour gvmt

Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own
Faulkner, Sound & Fury
1931




VW, The Waves
1933

Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany
First German Concentration Camps

Woolf, Flush
Stein, Autobio of Alice B. Toklas
1934

Feb: Nazis take over Austria
Oswald Mosley: British Fascists



1935
May: to Germany wi Mitz and Italy.
Nuremberg Laws against Jews begin to be passed
Nov. Italian invasion of Abyssinia

Eliot, Murder in the Cathedral
 LW, Quack! Quack!
1936

Death of George v; accession of Edward VII; abdication; accession of George VI
Beginning of Spanish Civil War (-1939)
Hiltler invades Rhineland

Mitchell, Gone with the Wind
1937

Guernica, Spain
Chamberlain Prime Minister

VW, The Years
1938

Munich Agreement

VW, Three Guineas
1939
Move to Mecklenburg Sq, London
Italy invades Albania
Beginning of WWII (Sept 3)

Death of Freud, Yeats
Joyce, Finnegan’s Wake
1940
Bomb destroys London House 
Germans invade Holland, Belgium;  enter Paris
Battle of Britain in air over Sussex

 VW, Roger Fry
1941
Germans dropping incendiary bombs along South Downs
March 28, VW drowns herself in River Ouse
Germans invade Russia

Joyce dies

VW, Between the Acts


SOURCES
Bishop, Edward. Virginia Woolf: A Chronology.   Boston MS: G.K. Hall & Co., 1989.
Bradshaw, David, ed. A Concise Companion to Modernism. Blackwell Publishers, Ltd, 2003.
Spotts, Frederic, ed.  Letters of Leonard Woolf. Harcourt Brace, Jovanovich, 1989.